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THEY HAD FLOODS, TOO !

ο ημώ μος ώς πιω μη Ee SS πεπ πια THEY HAD FLOODS, TOO | Te French Archaelogical Expedition to Cyprus, under the leadership of Dr. C. F. A. Schaeffer, Director at the French National Centre of Scientific Research, Paris, has iust completed its fifth annual season of excavations at Enkomi. Itis its second season in the framework of the Franco-British Joint Expedition founded in 1948. New evidence of the importance of the ancient town site has been found. Its identification with Alasia, the second millenium capital of Cyprus, is supported by a local place named Alasayitos noticed by Mr. Vh. Mogabgab on sheet 24 of the Enkomi—Styllos cadastral plan. ‘The expedition spent most of its effort to complete the exploration of an extensive ashlar building found during last year’s excavations. Its history, going back to the X1Vth— XHIth century B.C. and its fortunes during the transitional period and_ the, until now, obscure XIIth century B.C., will contribute much light to the island’s history. Evidence of extensive floods has been found which caused the inhabitants of the last period of the city to wall-up their windows and doors along the east-west roads, through which the water seems to have rushed like a torrent. ‘The flood layers of round and light gravel, mixed with bones, sherds and other refuse carried down from the east quarter of the tewn, had raised the street level by more than four feet. “he floors inside the houses had thus to be adjusted. It might be that these flood periods of Alasia, and probably Cyprus as a whole in the XIIth century B.C. were a con- sequence of the general deterioration of climate observed by prehistorians all over Europe and Asia at the beginning of the lron Age. The important movements of population which toon place at this period and which changed the face of the then existing civilisations in Europe as well as in’ the Near East. could thus be explained as the consequence of a general climatic dis- turbance. Among the finds discovered this year, 2 bronze statuette of a young male god of the last period of Alasia (XIPIth century) should be mentioned. Ihe figure is seated on 2 bronze throne of fine workmanship. ‘The labour for the expedition was pro- vided by the neighbouring villages Mr. Georghios Anastassiou of the Nicosia Maseum and Mr. Michael Vaios οἳ Enkomi were the foremen.