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WANTED! a statesman

aes As in Antiquarians, histori- ans and experts on con- stitutional law have tried to prove that Cypriot Greeks are not pure Greeks, but the indis- putable fact remains that im appearance, language, temperament, upbring- ing, religion, education and way of life and thought, they are, to all intents, unmistakeable from the Greeks of the mainland and the Dode- canese. They have cer- tainly more affinities with them than any modern Englishman has with the original inhabitants of England. It was the extraordinary failure or refusal by the British auhorities to recog- nise this tact that was the origin and has continued to be the main cause of fric- tion between. the Cypriot Greeks and successive Bri- tish administrations. To have to go about the world with the sectarian label of Orthodex Christian is, to say the least of it, unsatisfac- tory and to have to endure a negative existence as a non- Moslem, intolerable. What would be the feelings and reactions of the average Englishman if when asked his nationality be could only say “I am either a non- Buddhist or an unorthodox Plymouth Brother, Take your pick’, There is no evi- dence to show that the Greek people through their Govern- ment have ever given expres- sion to their willingness to recognise the Greek speaking Cypriots as Greek nationals or indeed that Cypriot Greeks have applied for such official recognition. This. willingness has. cer- tainly been implied in the speeches and attitude of certain politicians, and there has never been the slightest suggestion that. it is condi- tional on the cession of Cy- prus to Greece. Indeed the strongest ap- peal that the Enosis move- ment has for. the majority of Greek Cypriots is that it aims primarily at giving | them Greek nationality so | that they may stand proud- ly before’ the world and say “we are Greeks’? without qualification or equivocation. The cession of Cyprus to Greece is of secondary interest to them .and bas so many implications of which they have no knowledge that they are content to leave consider- ation of it for another day. The: second phase of Eno- sis, the cession of Cyprus to Greece, is much more dif_i- cult, complicated and conten- tious because it belongs to the sphere of foreign politics, During the period of its do- mination by Turkey the re- lations between that country Se AT ARE the case of all significance of Enosis may be overlooked. TWO FUNDAMENTAL PHASES OF ENOSIS It has, indeed, two phases: (a) the desire of the Greek-speaking Cypriots to and as belonging to the Greek nation (b) the desire that the island of Cyprus, now a Crown Colony, should be ceded to Greece. No self-respecting group of people can go on ,existing without a nationality and national home. It was both natural and laudable that Greek- speaking Cypriots, after ages of successive domina- tions, should wish to be given a legitimate place in the comity of nations by absorption by a recognised national unit. ANTED ! by association with or and Greece were such as to put the question of the cession of Cyprus quite out- side consideration. Cyprus does not possess resources of raw material or of foodstuffs to make it of any economic value to Bri- tain. This was the reason for the regrettable years of neglect and should convince the most prejudiced that Britain holds and must contiaue to hold Cyprus only for reasons of high policy which are condi- tioned by international rela- tions and) which tthe_~most determined and persistent campaign of Enosis can neither influence nor control. The day must come and sooner perhaps than we an- ticipate when Britain will be able tu say to the people of Cyprus: “There is no longer any need for us io- Temain with you. Here is your island with our blessing. Good-bye and good luck” _ but she will hand over enly to a responsible Cypriot Government on a broad re- presentative basis which can be trusted to carry out the wishes of the majority and to safeguard the rights of the minorities. Enosis therefore can be attained if at all only by three stages : (1) The acquisition of Greek nationality. (2) The use ofthe unavoid- able interval of thme to estab- lish a sound system of self- government and to push for- ward schemes of economic and social development. (3) The complete inde- pendence of and ownership of the island by the people of Cyprus who can decide their own destiny in relation to the world circumstances of the time. The present cannct dictateto the future. When the day of independence ar- tives, will Greece be the same Greece with which Union has been so long visualised or will Cyprus bethe last stronghold of Greek life and liberty? Who knows?. And this independence, this right of self- determination is coming ever nearer, for there is growing evidence to suggest that the Colonial Empire will even- tually be freed of the restrict- ive shackles of the parochial policy of the Colonial Office to be received into the wider freedom of the voluntary asso- ciation of Commonwealth na- tions. POLITICS VERSUS STATESMANSHIP Politics is an activity,a game of intrigues, an excitement of the clash of ideologies aad of the heady wine of fanatical oratory. Statesmanship is a quality. The statesman is a quiet, sagacious, farseeing, practical student of world conditions and trends in their Telation to the present needs and potential developments the sccuri- ty and social progress, the inde- pendence and interdependence of his national group. The statesman has a goal in view but it must be more than the temporary satisfac- tion of an ambition, or a rancour time-worn “Crusader’’ slogans, there is be recognised as Greeks British possession and a or of the triumph of an individual or an ideology his ideal state must be based on civic pride, a high standard of national character and endeavour, and a stable secu- rity. Let the politicians shout them- selves hoarse, let them fall off their impassioned climaxes lect them paint their rainbow bridges to the pot of gold. How can it avail us, who are somuch in need of a statesman, a guide, philosopher and friend who will lead us along paths of realism to quiet waters and pastures green ? YOUTHS’ OPPORTUNITY What follows is far the young men and women of Cyprus the old and the stubborn are at perfect liberty to skip it. In England as recently as fifty years ago, patriarchal contro] was so strong that the young were not allowed to form opinions, still css to express chem. They were to be seen, not heard, and women were sdll the inferior animals useful -about the house. and, as buffers between the revolt of youth and the uncompromising tyranny of the elders. v The sacrifices demanded from and so generously given by youth and women through two world wars brought an end’to that regime and today youth strides boldly and confidently ahead and woman walks by the side of her man, sharing his burdens and triumphs, his hopes and his fears. But while this is so in England and other countries, of which neighbour ‘Turkey is an outstanding and astonishing example, the patriarchs of Cyprus still cling on grimly to their controls and privileges, demanding a respect which they do not always deserve and a blind obedience to creeds and traditions which have long outworn their sig- nificance and applicability to mo- dern conditions. The opinions that are heard and the policies that are expounded are the retrospective mumblings of old, dictatorial gent- lemen, yaks on their backs in the sunshine and presuming to speak for the rest of the people who have mind and time only for the daily tasks. We never hear the voice of youth on the hill top, shouting his delight‘at the wonders of the vision before him. Young people of Cyprus! It is high time that you rose in revolt against the slavery of ancient cus- toms and observances and entered your kingdom. You are the archi- tects and builders of your-future. The design must be one of freedom and of progress and you must build on sure foundations. Your building directions are simple. You must gradually assume fwh control of the Government of your councry and you must therefore put vital measures into effect at once — The emancipa- tion of women and “Compulsory Education”. You must use every means to ensure that the soil of Cyprus ‘s ptoducing its neaximum potential of foodstuffs and other raw materials, you must cut down ™ FS Ie statesman danger that the real “ienosis—and nothing but) Enosis,”> shout the politi- cians, the priests, the pedagogues and the press. “Talk tous about anything but Enosis’’, retorts the Government. Ps “All right”, say the 1 politicians, etc. ‘‘we won’t cooperate! *> “All right,» says the Goverment “we will go on without you!” And so the political dead- adlock of over sixty years remains whith its bitterress, it recriminations, its poli- tical intrigues and tancours, while the wheels of pro- gress grind to a stop and the people cry for bread, There must be somethi seriously wrong when tw peoples like the English! © and the Cypriot Greeks, who| have so many mutual in- terests and so mauy bonds of smcere friendship and regard, find themselves in affairs of state trying to glare angrily at each other from opposite sides ci a gulf across which no one has yet succeeded in throw- ing a bridge. What is wrong: Let us face the facts fairly and squarely. administrative costs and other luxuries and encourage industriat development to close the highly dangerous gap between imports and exports, You must take all measures to secure the good ith. of the people, you must =Jde talent, energy and initiativt, With opportunity, You must ensure security for life, for freedom and for prosperity. = + WANTED—a revolt. ° Enosis, therefore, can never be attained by a political coup d'etat but by a gradual process of stages, the most vital being, the interven- ing stage which provides in con- ditions of security such pregious opportunities of “training e technique and responsibilit®®® of scif-government aad of financial aid in schemes of economic and sacial development. We never ap- preciate the valuc of the walls and toot of our house until beth are destroyed by hurricane or bomb. It would be wise for Cyprus tc remember the immunity she enjoyed during two world wars behind the walls of Britain’s Navy and under cover of her Air Force and to prepare for the day when these protections are Temoyved. - Cyprusissorely in need of a Statesman anda revolt of youth. Che new Cypriot Daily may help to praduce both. EMBROS, Printed by the Zavet Press and Published by G. B. Pusey, P.O.B. 402, Nicosia, Cyprus. USTLOIOD LPIA EP OU RED Edd era rmnanennasanedendnr sss cdeneneneeeenteeee woes WVISLPILEELELILETT ETE TVLTT LLL PITLETL STEEL ELSIELTEPLULPVLEVILULAEVEEITENSEPLTTUETUPULEE Es s